This gallery aims to illustrate every plumage of each taxa on the Fylde list, both at rest and in flight, using photographs taken in the Fylde. We also aim to add sound recordings to the gallery as and when they become available.
Many photos are missing - click here to see a list of missing photos. If you have any of the missing photos or photos of a higher quality than those currently on display, please send them to the Fylde Bird Club for inclusion on this page. Digital images can be sent via email and we will also accept prints and slides - please email us if you have either of these.

Photos have been kindly provided by Bill Aspin, Peter Bainbridge, John Bateman, Chris Batty, Graham Batty, Mark Breaks, Colin Bushell, Stanley Clarke, Jim Clift, Stan Craig, Bob Danson, Robert Dickson, Tony Disley, Stephen Dunstan, Barry Dyson, Seumus Eaves, Paul Ellis, Ian Gardner, Geoff Gradwell, Peter Guy, Paul Hackett, Simon Hawtin, Zac Hinchcliffe, Julian Hough, Gary Jenkins, John Jenkins, Maurice Jones, Steve Jones, Philip Kirkham, Mike Malpass, Andrew McCafferty, Mick McGough, David and Jackie Moreton, Nick Patel, Graham Piner, Stuart Piner, Mark Powell, Chris Raby, Cliff Raby, Peter Rhind, Paul Slade, Phil Slade, Bob Stinger, Keith Stone, Phil Tomkinson and Dave Wilcock.

Due to the retrospective nature of the creation process of this gallery, the photographer is not known for each image. If your photograph features but your name is not in the list of contributors please inform us via email. Individual photographs displayed on this page are currently not credited to the photographers. If you would like your name to be displayed next to your photograph(s), please email us indicating which photographs you would like captioning with your name.

Click on thumbnails to view a larger version of each photo.

Cygnus olor
downy young, downy young adult male and adult female, juvenile, first-winter, first-winter, adult male

Bewick's Swan
Cygnus columbianus bewickii
juvenile, first-winter, adult, adult

Whooper Swan
Cygnus cygnus
first-winter and adult, adult

Taiga Bean Goose
Anser fabalis fabalis

Tundra Bean Goose
Anser fabalis rossicus
first-winter and adult, first-winter, adult, adult

Pink-footed Goose
Anser brachyrhynchus
first-winter, first-winter, adult, first-winter/adult

European White-fronted Goose
Anser albifrons albifrons
juvenile, first-winter, first-winter, first-winter and adult, adult

Greenland White-fronted Goose
Anser albifrons flavirostris
first-winter, first-winter, adult, adult

Lesser White-fronted Goose
Anser erythropus

Greylag Goose
Anser anser anser
downy young, first-winter, adult, adult, adult male

Lesser Snow Goose
Anser caerulescens caerulescens
subadult blue morph, adult intermediate morph, adult intermediate morph

Greater Snow Goose
Anser caerulescens atlanticus
adult white morph, adult white morph

Atlantic Canada Goose
Branta canadensis canadensis
downy young, downy young and adult, juvenile, adult

Todd's Canada Goose
Branta canadensis interior
first-winter/adult, adult

Intermediate Canada Goose
Branta canadensis parvipes

Barnacle Goose
Branta leucopsis

Dark-bellied Brent Goose
Branta bernicla bernicla
first-winter, first-winter, adult

Black Brant
Branta bernicla nigricans

Light-bellied Brent Goose
Branta bernicla hrota
first-winter, first-winter, adult, adult

Red-breasted Goose
Branta ruficollis

Egyptian Goose
Alopochen aegyptiaca

Tadorna tadorna
female, adult male breeding and adult female breeding, male breeding

Mandarin Duck
Aix galericulata
adult male, eclipse male, female

Anas penelope
first-winter male, first-winter male, first-winter female, adult male breeding, adult male breeding, adult male eclipse, male and female, adult female, adult female

American Wigeon
Anas americana
adult male, adult male

Anas strepera
adult male, male, male and female, male eclipse, male and eclipse female

Anas crecca
first-winter male, first-winter male, male and female, adult female

Green-winged Teal
Anas carolinensis

Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos
downy young, juvenile male, juvenile male, male and female, male, adult female, female, adult male eclipse and adult female eclipse

Anas acuta acuta
female, male, male

Anas querquedula
juvenile, adult male breeding, adult male eclipse, adult male breeding and adult female breeding, female

Anas clypeata
first-winter male, male, male, male & female, female, female

Red-crested Pochard
Netta rufina
adult male eclipse, adult male eclipse

Aythya ferina
first-winter male, male, male and female, female, adult female

Ring-necked Duck
Aythya collaris
adult male, adult male

Ferruginous Duck
Aythya nyroca
adult male

Tufted Duck
Aythya fuligula
downy young, first-winter female, first-winter female, adult male, adult male eclipse, adult male eclipse, female, female

Aythya marila marila
juvenile, juvenile, first-winter male, first-winter male, adult male eclipse

Lesser Scaup
Aythya affinis
adult male, adult male

Somateria mollissima mollissima
male, male, adult male, adult male, female

Long-tailed Duck
Clangula hyemalis
first-winter, first-winter, first-winter male, male

Common Scoter
Melanitta nigra
adult male, female

Surf Scoter
Melanitta perspicillata

Velvet Scoter
Melanitta fusca fusca

Bucephala clangula clangula
adult male, male, female eclipse, female, adult female flight, female eclipse

Mergellus albellus

Red-breasted Merganser
Mergus serrator
male, adult male eclipse, male

Mergus merganser merganser
adult male eclipse, male, female

Ruddy Duck
Oxyura jamaicensis jamaicensis
juvenile/female, adult male, male, adult male eclipse

Red Grouse
Lagopus lagopus scotica

Red-legged Partridge
Alectoris rufa rufa

Grey Partridge
Perdix perdix perdix
downy young and first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult

Coturnix coturnix coturnix

Phasianus colchicus colchicus

Ring-necked Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus torquatus

Red-throated Diver
Gavia stellata
juvenile/adult, juvenile/adult, juvenile/adult, adult summer

Black-throated Diver
Gavia arctica arctica

Great Northern Diver
Gavia immer

Fulmarus glacialis glacialis
double-light phase, double-light phase,

Cory's Shearwater
Calonectris diomedea

Sooty Shearwater
Puffinus griseus

Manx Shearwater
Puffinus puffinus

Balearic Shearwater
Puffinus mauretanicus

Macaronesian Shearwater
Puffinus baroli baroli
immature female, immature female

Storm Petrel
Hydrobates pelagicus
1st-summer/adult, 1st-summer/adult

Leach's Petrel
Oceanodroma leucorhoa leucorhoa
juvenile, juvenile

Morus bassanus
2nd-summer, 3rd-summer, adult breeding, adult breeding

Phalacrocorax carbo carbo

Continental Cormorant
Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis
immature, adult

Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis
juvenile, juvenile

Botaurus stellaris stellaris
juvenile/adult, juvenile/adult, juvenile/adult

American Bittern
Botaurus lentiginosus
adult, adult

Little Bittern
Ixobrychus minutus minutus

Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax

Cattle Egret
Bubulcus ibis
first-winter/adult winter, 1st-summer/adult summer

Little Egret
Egretta garzetta garzetta
juvenile, juvenile, juvenile/adult non-breeding, juvenile/adult non-breeding, adult

Great White Egret
Ardea alba alba

Grey Heron
Ardea cinerea cinerea
nestling, juvenile, juvenile, adult

Purple Heron
Ardea purpurea purpurea

White Stork
Ciconia ciconia ciconia
first-summer, adult

Glossy Ibis
Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus
juvenile, juvenile, second-winter, second-winter

Eurasian Spoonbill
Platalea leucorodia leucorodia
juvenile, adult/near adult

Little Grebe
Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis
downy young, juvenile, adult breeding

Great Crested Grebe
Podiceps cristatus cristatus
downy young and adult breeding, adult winter, adult breeding

Red-necked Grebe
Podiceps grisegena

Slavonian Grebe
Podiceps auritus

Black-necked Grebe
Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis
juvenile, juvenile, adult breeding

Pernis apivorus

Red Kite
Milvus milvus milvus
juvenile, juvenile

White-tailed Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla

Marsh Harrier
Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus
juvenile, subadult male, adult female

Hen Harrier
Circus cyaneus cyaneus
juvenile male, immature/female

Montagu's Harrier
Circus pygargus

Accipiter gentilis gentilis

Accipiter nisus nisus
downy young, juvenile male, juvenile female, juvenile female, 2nd-winter male, 2nd-winter male, 2nd-winter female, adult male, adult male

Buteo buteo buteo
juvenile, juvenile, adult

Rough-legged Buzzard
Buteo lagopus lagopus

Pandion haliaetus haliaetus
juvenile, juvenile

Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus
juvenile, juvenile, adult male, adult male, adult male

Red-footed Falcon
Falco vespertinus
first-summer female

Falco columbarius aesalon
juvenile, juvenile/female

Icelandic Merlin
Falco columbarius subaesalon

Falco subbuteo subbuteo

Falco peregrinus peregrinus
juvenile, first-summer, adult

Water Rail
Rallus aquaticus aquaticus
first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult

Spotted Crake
Porzana porzana
juvenile, adult

Crex crex

Gallinula chloropus chloropus
downy young, juvenile, adult, adult

Fulica atra atra
juvenile, adult, adult

Common Crane
Grus grus grus
first-summer, first-summer

Little Bustard
Tetrax tetrax

Haematopus ostralegus ostralegus
adult and young, downy young, juvenile, first-winter, first-winter, adult breeding, adult winter

Black-winged Stilt
Himantopus himantopus himantopus

Recurvirostra avosetta
juvenile, first-summer/adult, first-summer/adult

Burhinus oedicnemus oedicnemus
first-summer/adult, first-summer/adult

Collared Pratincole
Glareola pratincola pratincola
adult, adult

Little Ringed Plover
Charadrius dubius curonicus
juvenile, adult/first-summer female breeding, adult/first-summer male breeding, adult/first-summer, adult/first summer male and adult/first-summer female

Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula hiaticula
juvenile, adult female breeding, adult breeding, first-summer/adult, first-summer/adult

Tundra Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula tundrae

Kentish Plover
Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus
adult female

Charadrius morinellus

American Golden Plover
Pluvialis dominica
juvenile, juvenile

Pacific Golden Plover
Pluvialis fulva

Southern Golden Plover
Pluvialis apricaria apricaria
adult winter

Northern Golden Plover
Pluvialis apricaria altifrons

Grey Plover
Pluvialis squatarola
adult female breeding, adult winter

Sociable Plover
Vanellus gregarius

Vanellus vanellus
downy young, downy young, 1st-winter/adult winter, adult breeding, adult breeding, adult female breeding

Great Knot
Calidris tenuirostris
adult breeding, adult breeding

Greenland Knot
Calidris canutus islandica
juvenile, juvenile, first-summer/adult breeding

Calidris alba
juvenile, first-winter, adult breeding

Little Stint 
Calidris minuta
juvenile, first-summer/adult

Temminck's Stint
Calidris temminckii
adult breeding

White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis
adult, adult, adult

Baird's Sandpiper
Calidris bairdii

Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris melanotos
juvenile, adult

Curlew Sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea
juvenile, first-summer/adult breeding

Purple Sandpiper
Calidris maritima

Southern Dunlin
Calidris alpina schinzii
juvenile, first-winter/adult winter, adult breeding, adult breeding

Northern Dunlin
Calidris alpina alpina
adult breeding

Broad-billed Sandpiper
Limicola falcinellus falcinellus
adult, adult

Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis

Philomachus pugnax
juvenile, female breeding, first-summer/adult

Jack Snipe
Lymnocryptes minimus

Gallinago gallinago gallinago
first-winter, first-winter/adult

Great Snipe
Gallinago media

Long-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus
juvenile, juvenile


Scolopax rusticola

Continental Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa limosa
adult male, adult female

Icelandic Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa islandica
juvenile, adult breeding, adult female, adult male, first-summer/adult, first-winter/adult winter

Bar-tailed Godwit
Limosa lapponica lapponica
juvenile, adult male breeding

Numenius phaeopus phaeopus
juvenile, adult, adult

Numenius arquata arquata
adult, first-summer/adult, first-winter/adult

Common Sandpiper
Actitis hypoleucos
juvenile, adult winter, first-summer/adult breeding, first-summer/adult breeding

Green Sandpiper
Tringa ochropus

Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria
juvenile, juvenile

Spotted Redshank
Tringa erythropus
juvenile, adult breeding, adult breeding, adult winter, adult winter

Tringa nebularia
juvenile, first-winter/adult winter

Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa flavipes

Wood Sandpiper
Tringa glareola
juvenile, first-summer/adult breeding, first-summer/adult breeding

Tringa totanus totanus
adult breeding, adult winter, adult winter

Icelandic Redshank
Tringa totanus robusta

Arenaria interpres interpres
first-winter, first-winter/adult winter, adult male breeding, adult female breeding, adult winter

Wilson's Phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor

Red-necked Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus

Grey Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius

Pomarine Skua
Stercorarius pomarinus
juvenile, adult pale morph, adult pale morph

Arctic Skua
Stercorarius parasiticus
adult dark morph

Long-tailed Skua
Stercorarius longicaudus longicaudus
juvenile dark morph

Great Skua
Stercorarius skua skua

Ivory Gull
Pagophila eburnea

Sabine's Gull
Larus sabini
juvenile, juvenile, first-summer

Rissa tridactyla tridactyla
juvenile, adult winter, adult winter, adult summer, adult summer

Bonaparte's Gull
Larus philadelphia

Black-headed Gull
Larus ridibundus ridibundus
juvenile, juvenile, first-winter, first-summer, first-summer, adult winter, adult winter, adult summer, adult summer

Little Gull
Larus minutus
juvenile, juvenile, first-winter, first-summer, first-summer, adult winter, adult winter

Ross's Gull
Rhodostethia rosea
adult, adult

Laughing Gull
Larus atricilla
adult summer, adult summer

Mediterranean Gull
Larus melanocephalus
juvenile, juvenile, first-winter, first-winter, first-summer, first-summer, second-winter, second-summer, near-adult winter, near-adult winter, near-adult summer, adult winter, adult winter, adult summer, adult summer, adult summer male and adult summer female

Common Gull
Larus canus canus
juvenile, juvenile, first-winter, second-winter, second-winter, adult winter, adult winter, adult summer

Ring-billed Gull
Larus delawarensis
second-summer, adult, adult

British Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus fuscus graellsii
juvenile, first-winter, first-winter, first-summer, second-winter, second-winter, third-summer, third-summer, adult winter, adult summer

Continental Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus fuscus intermedius
adult summer

Baltic Herring Gull
Larus argentatus argentatus
juvenile, juvenile, adult winter, adult summer

British Herring Gull
Larus argentatus argenteus
juvenile, juvenile, first-winter, first-summer, second-winter, second-winter, third-winter, third-winter, near-adult, adult winter, adult summer, adult summer

Yellow-legged Gull
Larus michahellis michahellis
juvenile, juvenile, second-summer, second-summer, third-winter, third-winter, third-summer, third-summer, adult, adult

Caspian Gull
Larus cachinnans
first-winter, first-winter

Iceland Gull
Larus glaucoides glaucoides
juvenile, juvenile, second-winter, second-winter, adult

Glaucous Gull
Larus hyperboreus
juvenile, second-winter, second-winter, adult

Great Black-backed Gull
Larus marinus
juvenile, first-winter, second-winter, second-summer, adult summer, adult

Little Tern
Sternula albifrons albifrons
juvenile, adult summer

Gull-billed Tern
Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica

Caspian Tern
Hydroprogne caspia
adult summer

Whiskered Tern
Chlidonias hybrida hybrida

Black Tern
Chlidonias niger niger
juvenile, adult

White-winged Black Tern
Chlidonias leucopterus
juvenile, juvenile, adult, adult

Sandwich Tern
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis
juvenile, juvenile, adult winter and juvenile, adult winter, adult summer

Common Tern
Sterna hirundo hirundo
young, second-summer or first-summer, adult summer, adult summer

Roseate Tern
Sterna dougallii dougallii
adult summer, adult summer

Arctic Tern
Sterna paradisaea
juvenile, juvenile, first-summer, adult summer, adult summer

Southern Guillemot
Uria aalge albionis
first-winter/adult winter, first-summer/adult summer

British Razorbill
Alca torda islandica

Black Guillemot
Cepphus grylle arcticus

Little Auk
Alle alle alle
first-winter/adult winter, first-winter/adult winter

Fratercula arctica
juvenile, adult winter

Pallas's Sandgrouse
Syrrhaptes paradoxus

Feral Pigeon
Columba livia domestica
juvenile, juvenile, 1st-summer/adult

Stock Dove
Columba oenas oenas
juvenile, first-winter/adult

Columba palumbus palumbus
juvenile, juvenile, adult

Collared Dove
Streptopelia decaocto decaocto
male, male, female, adult male, adult male

Turtle Dove
Streptopelia turtur turtur

Ring-necked Parakeet
Psittacula krameri
male, male and female, first-winter/adult

Cuculus canorus canorus
juvenile, first-summer female, first-summer/adult

White-breasted Barn Owl
Tyto alba alba
juvenile/adult, juvenile/adult

Dark-breasted Barn Owl
Tyto alba guttata

Little Owl
Athene noctua vidalii
downy young, adult

Tawny Owl
Strix aluco sylvatica
downy young, adult

Long-eared Owl
Asio otus otus

Short-eared Owl
Asio flammeus flammeus
first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult

Caprimulgus europaeus europaeus

Apus apus apus
juvenile, adult, subadult or adult

Alpine Swift
Apus melba

Alcedo atthis ispida
adult female

Merops apiaster

Coracias garrulus garrulus

Upupa epops epops

Jynx torquilla torquilla
first-winter, first-winter/adult

Green Woodpecker
Picus viridis viridis
juvenile female, first-winter female

British Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopus major anglicus
juvenile, male, female

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker
Dendrocopus minor comminutus

Golden Oriole
Oriolus oriolus oriolus

Red-backed Shrike
Lanius collurio collurio

Great Grey Shrike
Lanius excubitor excubitor

Woodchat Shrike
Lanius senator senator

Red-billed Chough
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
first-winter, first-winter


Pica pica pica
first-winter, first-winter/adult

Garrulus glandarius rufitergum
first-winter, adult

Nucifraga caryocatactes macrorhynchos

Corvus monedula spermologus

Nordic Jackdaw
Corvus monedula monedula

Corvus frugilegus frugilegus
adult, adult

Carrion Crow
Corvus corone corone
first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult

Hooded Crow
Corvus cornix cornix
first-winter, first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult

Corvus corax corax
first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult

Regulus regulus regulus
first-winter female, adult female, adult female

Regulus ignicapilla ignicapilla
first-winter male, first-winter/adult

Blue Tit
Cyanistes caeruleus obscurus
nestling, juvenile, first-winter male, adult

Great Tit
Parus major newtoni
juvenile, first-winter female, first-winter female, adult male

Crested Tit
Lophophanes cristatus

Coal Tit
Periparus ater britannicus
juvenile, juvenile, first-winter, first-winter

Willow Tit
Poecile montana kleinschmidti
first-winter, first-winter

Marsh Tit
Poecile palustris dresseri

Bearded Tit
Panurus biarmicus biarmicus
adult male, female

Short-toed Lark
Calandrella brachydactyla

Alauda arvensis arvensis
young, adult, adult

Shore Lark
Eremophila alpestris flava
adult winter

Sand Martin
Riparia riparia riparia
juvenile, adult

Hirundo rustica rustica
nestling, juvenile, juvenile, adult and juvenile, adult, adult

House Martin
Delichon urbicum urbicum
nestling, adult, adult

Red-rumped Swallow
Cecropis daurica rufula

Cetti's Warbler
Cettia cetti cettia

Long-tailed Tit
Aegithalos caudatus rosaceus
juvenile, juvenile, adult

Pallas's Warbler
Phylloscopus proregulus

Yellow-browed Warbler
Phylloscopus inornatus
first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult

Dusky Warbler
Phyllocscopus fuscatus

Wood Warbler
Phylloscopus sibilatrix
first-winter/adult male, first-winter/adult male

Phylloscopus collybita collybita
first-winter, first-winter

Scandinavian Chiffchaff
Phylloscopus collybita abietinus


Siberian Chiffchaff
Phylloscopus collybita tristis

Iberian Chiffchaff
Phylloscopus ibericus

song, song, song, song, call

Willow Warbler
Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus
adult, adult

Sylvia atricapilla atricapilla
juvenile, first-winter male, male, female

Garden Warbler
Sylvia borin borin

Barred Warbler
Sylvia nisoria nisoria

Lesser Whitethroat
Sylvia curruca

Sylvia communis communis
1st-winter, 1st-winter, male, adult female, adult female

Subalpine Warbler
Sylvia cantillans cantillans

Grasshopper Warbler
Locustella naevia naevia

Savi's Warbler
Locustella luscinioides luscinioides

Icterine Warbler
Hippolais icterina

Melodious Warbler
Hippolais polyglotta

Sedge Warbler
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
juvenile, juvenile, adult, adult

Reed Warbler
Acrocephalus scirpaceus scirpaceus
juvenile, juvenile, first-summer/adult, first-summer/adult

Great Reed Warbler
Acrocephalus arundinaceus arundinaceus

Bombycilla garrulus garrulus
first-winter, first-winter, adult

Sitta europaea caesia

Certhia familiaris britannica
first-winter/adult, first-winter/adult

Troglodytes troglodytes indigenus
first-winter, first-winter

Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris
juvenile, first-winter/adult winter, first-winter/adult winter, adult male winter, adult male winter, female winter

Rose-coloured Starling
Sturnus roseus
first-summer male/adult female, first-summer male/adult female, adult male

Cinclus cinclus gularis
first-winter male, first-winter male, first-winter female, first-winter female, adult female, adult female

Ring Ouzel
Turdus torquatus torquatus
first-winter male

Turdus merula merula
juvenile female, juvenile female, first-winter male, first-winter male, first-winter female, first-winter female, adult male, adult male, adult female

Turdus pilaris

British Song Thrush
Turdus philomelos clarkei
juvenile, first-winter, first-winter, first-winter male

Turdus iliacus iliacus
first-winter, first-winter/adult

Mistle Thrush
Turdus viscivorus viscivorus
juvenile, first-winter, adult

Spotted Flycatcher
Muscicapa striata striata
first-winter, adult, adult

British Robin
Erithacus rubecula melophilus
juvenile, first-winter, first-winter, adult, adult

Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos

Red-spotted Bluethroat
Luscinia svecica svecica
male, female
song video

Black Redstart
Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis
first-winter male, first-winter, adult male

Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus
first-winter male, adult male

Saxicola rubetra
juvenile, adult male, adult female

Saxicola torquatus hibernans
juvenile, first-winter male, first-winter male, first-winter, male, female

Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe
juvenile, first-winter/female, first-winter male, adult male breeding

Greenland Wheatear
Oenanthe oenanthe leucorhoa
first-winter male, first-winter male

Black-eared Wheatear
Oenanthe hispanica

Desert Wheatear
Oenanthe deserti
first-winter male, first-winter female

Red-breasted Flycatcher
Ficedula parva

Pied Flycatcher
Ficedula hypoleuca hypoleuca
first-winter, first-winter, male breeding

Prunella modularis occidentalis
young, first-winter, first-winter, adult

House Sparrow
Passer domesticus domesticus
juvenile, juvenile, juvenile and adult female, adult female, adult male, adult male

Tree Sparrow
Passer montanus montanus
adult, adult, adult

Blue-headed Wagtail
Motacilla flava flava
male breeding

British Yellow Wagtail
Motacilla flava flavissima
first-winter, first-summer male, male breeding, female

Citrine Wagtail
Motacilla citreola

Grey Wagtail
Motacilla cinerea cinerea
young, juvenile, first-winter, first-winter, first-summer female, first-summer female, male, adult male breeding, adult male breeding

White Wagtail
Motacilla alba alba
first-summer male, adult female breeding

Pied Wagtail
Motacilla alba yarrellii
juvenile, first-winter, first-summer male, adult male winter, adult male winter

Richard's Pipit
Anthus richardi

Tawny Pipit
Anthus campestris campestris

Tree Pipit
Anthus trivialis trivialis

Meadow Pipit
Anthus pratensis pratensis

British Rock Pipit
Anthus petrosus petrosus
first-winter, first-winter, first-winter

Scandinavian Rock Pipit
Anthus petrosus littoralis

Water Pipit
Anthus spinoletta spinoletta
first-winter/adult winter, first-summer/adult breeding

Fringilla coelebs gengleri
juvenile, first-winter male, first-winter male

Continental Chaffinch
Fringilla coelebs coelebs

Fringilla montifringilla
first-winter male, first-winter male, first-winter female

Carduelis chloris chloris
juvenile, first-winter male, first-winter female, adult male

Carduelis carduelis britannica
young and adult, juvenile, adult male, adult female

Carduelis spinus
first-winter male, first-winter female, adult male

Carduelis cannabina cannabina
first-winter male, first-winter male, adult male, adult female

Carduelis flavirostris
first-winter male, first-winter male, first-winter/adult

Lesser Redpoll
Carduelis cabaret
first-winter, first-winter, adult male, adult male

Mealy Redpoll
Carduelis flammea flammea
first-winter male, first-winter male

Loxia curvirostra curvirostra

Common Rosefinch
Carpodacus erythrinus
first-summer male, first-summer male

Pyrrhula pyrrhula pileata
first-winter male, first-winter female, male

Coccothraustes coccothraustes coccothraustes

Lapland Bunting
Calcarius lapponicus

Snow Bunting
Plectrophenax nivalis
first-winter female, first-winter female, male

Emberiza citrinella
male, male winter

Ortolan Bunting
Emberiza hortulana

Little Bunting
Emberiza pusilla
first-winter, first-winter

Reed Bunting
Emberiza schoeniclus schoeniclus
juvenile, juvenile, adult male, male, adult female

Corn Bunting
Emberiza calandra calandra
adult male, adult

Species of uncertain provenance

Ross's Goose
Anser rossii
adult white morph, adult white morph

Ruddy Shelduck
Tadorna ferruginea
juvenile, juvenile, adult, male

Golden Pheasant
Chrysolophus pictus

White Pelican
Pelecanus onocrotalus

Falco rusticolus

Demoiselle Crane
Anthropoides virgo

Red-headed Bunting
Emberiza bruniceps

Species pending acceptance

Richardson's Canada Goose
Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii

Cackling Canada Goose
Branta hutchinsii minima

Species that have escaped or been released from captivity

Helmeted Guineafowl
Numida meleagris

Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo

Alectoris chukar

Red-legged Partridge
Alectoris rufa

Grey Partridge
Perdix perdix

Japanese Quail
Coturnix japonica

King Quail 
Excalfactoria chinensis

Red Junglefowl
Gallus gallus

Vietnamese Pheasant
Lophura hatinhensis

Silver Pheasant 
Lophura nycthemera

Reeves's Pheasant
Syrmaticus reevesii
male, female

Phasianus colchicus

Golden Pheasant
Chrysolophus pictus


Lady Amherst's Pheasant
Chrysolophus amherstiae

Indian Peafowl
Pavo cristatus

Fulvous Whistling Duck
Dendrocygna bicolor

Black Swan
Cygnus atratus
juvenile, adult

Whooper Swan
Cygnus cygnus

Chinese Goose
Anser cygnoides domesticus

White-fronted Goose
Anser albifrons

Lesser White-fronted Goose
Anser erythropus

Greylag Goose
Anser anser

Bar-headed Goose
Anser indicus

Snow Goose
Anser caerulescens
first winter white morph Lesser, adult white morph Lesser

Emperor Goose
Anser canagica

Canada Goose
Branta canadensis

Cackling Canada Goose
Branta hutchinsii minima

Barnacle Goose
Branta leucopsis

Red-breasted Goose
Branta ruficollis

Egyptian Goose
Alopochen aegyptiaca

Ruddy Shelduck
Tadorna ferruginea
first-winter, first-winter

Cape Shelduck
Tadorna cana

Muscovy Duck
Cairina moschata

Ringed Teal
Callonetta leucophrys
male, female

Wood Duck
Aix sponsa

Mandarin Duck
Aix galericulata

Maned Duck
Chenonetta jubata

Cape Teal
Anas capensis

Anas penelope
adult male

Chiloe Wigeon
Anas sibilatrix

Anas platyrhynchos

Cinnamon Teal
Anas cyanoptera
adult female

White-cheeked Pintail
Anas bahamensis

Yellow-billed Teal
Anas flavirostris

Anas acuta

Red-crested Pochard
Netta rufina

Baer's Pochard
Aythya baeri

Mergellus albellus

Little Egret
Egretta garzetta

Chilean Flamingo
Phoenicopterus chilensis

White Stork
Ciconia ciconia

Scarlet Ibis
Eudocimus ruber

Buff-necked Ibis
Theristicus caudatus

Sacred Ibis
Threskiornis aethiopicus

Northern Bald Ibis
Geronticus eremita

Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura

Falco biarmicus

Falco cherrug

Falco rusticolus

Accipiter gentilis

Harris's Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus

Buteo buteo

Falco tinnunculus

Black Crowned-crane
Balearica pavonina

Demoiselle Crane
Grus virgo

Common Crane
Grus grus

Feral Pigeon
Columba livia

Laughing Dove
Spilopelia senegalensis

Nymphicus hollandicus

Melopsittacus undulatus

Senegal Parrot
Poicephalus senegalus mesotypus

Alexandrine Parakeet
Psittacula eupatria

Ring-necked Parakeet
Psittacula krameri
grey morph

White-eyed Parakeet
Aratinga leucophthalma

Nanday Parakeet
Nandayus nenday

Burrowing Parakeet
Cyanoliseus patagonus

Blue-headed Parrot
Pionus menstruus

Eagle Owl
Bubo bubo

Blue-faced Honeyeater
Entomyzon cyanotis

Red-billed Leiothrix
Leiothrix lutea

Purple Starling
Lamprotornis purpureus

Lesser Blue-eared Starling
Lamprotornis chloropterus

Sudan Golden Sparrow
Passer luteus

Red-billed Quelea
Quelea quelea

Orange-cheeked Waxbill
Estrilda melpoda

Common Waxbill
Estrilda astrild

Zebra Finch
Taeniopygia guttata

White-rumped Munia
Lonchura striata

Yellow-fronted Canary
Crithagra mozambica

Serinus canaria

Meadow Bunting
Emberiza cioides

Lazuli Bunting
Passerina amoena

Suspected hybrid combinations

Chinese Goose x Greylag Goose
Anser cygnoides domesticus x Anser anser anser

Lesser White-fronted Goose x Greylag Goose
Anser erythropus x Anser anser anser

Tundra Bean Goose x Pink-footed Goose
Anser fabalis rossicus x Anser brachyrhynchus

Pink-footed Goose x Ross's Goose
Anser brachyrhynchus x Anser rossii

Pink-footed Goose x Barnacle Goose
Anser brachyrhynchus x Branta leucopsis

Greylag Goose x Bar-headed Goose
Anser anser anser x Anser indicus

Greylag Goose x Atlantic Canada Goose
Anser anser x Branta canadensis canadensis

Greylag Goose x Barnacle Goose
Anser anser anser x Branta leucopsis

Ross's Goose x Barnacle Goose
Anser rossii x Branta leucopsis

Cackling Canada Goose x Barnacle Goose
Branta hutchinsii minima x Branta leucopsis
chick, downy young, first-winter/adult

Ruddy Shelduck x Shelduck
Tadorna ferruginea x Tadorna tadorna

Cape Shelduck x Shelduck
Tadorna cana x Tadorna tadorna

Wigeon x American Wigeon
Anas penelope x Anas americana
adult male, adult female, adult female

Mallard x Pintail
Anas platyrhynchos x Anas acuta
adult male

Mallard x Red-crested Pochard
Anas platyrhynchos x Netta rufina

Pochard x Canvasback
Aythya ferina x Aythya valisineria

Pochard x Ferruginous Duck
Aythya ferina x Aythya nyroca
female, female

Pochard x Baer's Pochard
Aythya ferina x Aythya baeri

Pochard x Tufted Duck
Aythya ferina x Aythya fuligula

Tufted Duck x Scaup
Aythya fuligula x Aythya marila marila
adult female

Lanner x Peregrine
Falco biarmicus x Falco peregrinus

Lesser Black-backed Gull x Herring Gull
Larus fuscus x Larus argentatus
2nd-summer, adult summer, adult winter

Herring Gull x Glaucous Gull
Larus argentatus x Larus hyperboreus

Blue-headed Wagtail x British Yellow Wagtail
Motacilla flava flava x Motacilla flava flavissima

House Sparrow x Tree Sparrow
Passer domesticus domesticus x Passer montanus montanus

Hooded Crow x Carrion Crow
Corvus cornix x Corvus corone